Loading cars into a container typically involves the use of specialized equipment and techniques. Here is a general overview of the process:
Container Selection: The first step is to select an appropriate container based on the size and type of the cars being transported. Containers used for car shipment are often known as “car carriers” or “car carriers” and have specific features like adjustable decks, ramps, or hydraulic systems.
Preparation: Prior to loading, certain preparations may be necessary. This can include removing or securing loose parts, such as spoilers or mirrors, to prevent damage during transport. The cars should also be thoroughly cleaned to prevent any contamination or damage to other cars in the container.
Positioning the Container: The container is positioned in a suitable location, typically on the ground or a loading dock, and secured to prevent any movement during the loading process. The container doors are opened, and any necessary ramps or lift gates are prepared.
Drive-On or Winch Loading: Depending on the container design and the type of cars being loaded, there are two primary methods used:
a. Drive-On: In this method, the cars are driven onto the container floor. The container may have adjustable decks that allow for multiple cars to be loaded on different levels. Vehicles are driven up the ramps or lifted onto the deck using hydraulic systems if necessary. Once on board, the cars are secured using various methods like wheel chocks, straps, or braces to prevent shifting during transit.
b. Winch Loading: This method is commonly used for non-drivable or specialized cars. A winch or a crane is used to lift and place the cars into the container. Loading straps or slings are attached securely to the car to ensure it remains stable during the lifting process.
Securing and Stabilizing: Once the cars are inside the container, they need to be properly secured to prevent any movement during transit. Various techniques are employed, including securing the cars with straps, ratchet tie-downs, wheel chocks, or braces. It is important to ensure that the cars are evenly distributed and immobilized to minimize the risk of damage.
Container Closure: After all the cars are loaded and properly secured, the container doors are closed and sealed. Sealing ensures the container remains intact and prevents unauthorized access until it reaches its destination.
It’s worth noting that the exact process may vary depending on factors such as the type and size of cars, container specifications, and the equipment available at the loading facility.